As is required today, you are entitled to complete a specific training course to get a driving license. Similarly, to become a captain you must also need to register for the Amateur Maritime Training System, complete the necessary courses, pass the written tests and be qualified for the International Certificate of Competency. However, without the Certificate of Competence For Operators of Pleasure Craft, you can still use private boats with fewer than ten horsepower, non-motorized boats, canoes / skis and sporting boats.
Amateur Maritime Training System
This is a free online course provided by the Turkish Republic Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications. You are obligated to complete this course to be able to recieve the International Certificate of Competency (ICC). After you complete the training, you have the right to apply for the exam for International Certificate of Competency (ICC).
Certificate of Competence For Operators of Pleasure Craft
International Certificate of Competency (ICC) is the the licence that gives you the right to use boats that are up to 24 meters within national or international waters. In other words, it is a qualification document that must be possessed by the persons to be able to use the boat for sport and travel purposes at sea. International Certificate of Competency (ICC) can not be used to generate revenue.
What are the Terms to have the International Certificate of Competency?
In order to recieve the International Certificate of Compentency (ICC);
– you need to be at least 14 years old,
– you need to register and complete the trainings on Amateur Maritime Training (https://ades.udhb.gov.tr/).
– you will need to acquire an eligibility report and an ENT from an official or a private health institution for the International Certificate of Competency (ICC).
– you are required to sign up and apply for the online exam through the Seafarer’s Electronic Application System (http://gss.gasm.gov.tr/).
– after you complete the training and have the necessary health reports, you are required to pass the test with at least 60 points out of 100.
The Short Range Certificate of Competence (SRC)
The Short Range Certificate of Competence (SRC) is the legal license required to use the VHF sea radio on the boat. If there is a VHF marine radio on the boat, it is mandatory that at least one of the persons on the boat is licensed to operate the Short-Range Radio. The document does not necessarily have to belong to the captain. On the other hand boats up to 24 meters can be used with the International Certificate of Competency (ICC) with no need for an SRC.
The Short Range Certificate of Competence is internationally valid, which you can apply for the exam through the Seafarer’s Electronic Application System. Once you get the licence, it is valid for 5 years and is possible for it to be renewed without another exam by the Port Authority.
To be eligible for SRC, you need to be at least 17 years old and pass the test with at least 60 points out of 100.
How to Apply For ICC and SRC?
Once you are successful with the exams for ICC and SRC, you need to collect the documents below:
– Copy of an ID card,
– 4 photographs,
– the original health report scanned by the system (Signed by an Eye and ENT specialist, confirming no color and light blindness, and not older then 4 months),
– diploma copy,
– deed of Consent (If you are under 18 years old you need this to be provided by your legal guardian),
– original receipt of the exam entrance,
– if you pass the exam through the http://odemeler.udhb.gov.tr website, you will be required to provide a receipt from the Halk Bank which shows the payments made for the documentation fees. Once the necessary documents have been completed, they need to be submitted to the port authority of the applicant.
It is also possible to practice at the sailing academies while you are having the amateur sailing training, or after you obtain your International Certificate of Competency.
The two areas of sailing training consists of both theoretical and practical parts. When being taught both the practical and theoretical elements in training, you have the opportunity in practice to consolidate the theoretical knowledge that you have previously learnt. According to the level of experience of the participants, the sailing training is divided into 3 sections.
Basic Sailing Training
This is the first stage where the participants first meet the sail. At this level, the goals are; to gain ability to sail without trainer, to be able to perform with a spinnaker and learn the ability to intervene in emergency situations. After the theoretical and practical training is complete, participants will have the ability to sail the boat from one point to another.
Advanced Sailing Training
Advanced training is the second phase for the sailing course. At this stage, participants who have completed the basic training have the opportunity to learn more advanced techniques in sailing and are able to gain the perfect boat dominance skills. Additionally, the aim of this training is to improve the skills of the participants by providing a deeper level of information than what was taught at the basic level.
Open Sea Sailing Training
Open sea sailing is the phase in training where the participants gain the skills and professionalism that is essential when sailing the open sea. This training allows you to learn the theoretical and practical information that you will need when offshore, such as cruising safely, night time sailing and marine survival on long term journeys. During the training you will also learn to adjust to the living conditions on a sailing boat to become more inline with the natural circumstances that may occur.
Basic Yachting Training
Basic yacht training aims to develop usage in accordance with the marine rules and sailing navigation. The goal is to increase the ability towards outfitting sailing yachts up to 40 ft. During training you are able to learn the basic information necessary which includes maritime information, safety at sea, wind information, mastery of the engine, sail steering and geographical routes.
Advanced Yachting Training
With the advanced yachting training course you will be sufficient in the ability to acquire, use and equip the outfitting and trimming of yachts up to 40 ft. In this training you are taught the advanced yachting knowledge that requires a more in-depth understanding of information; such as advanced maritime and yachting knowledge, navigation, map usage, route drawing, anchoring and receiving, departure and docking. At the end of this training, if one wishes, you will have the opportunity to be the captain of the boat you have rented.
How to become a Yacht Captain?
In order to be able to work as a commercial or private yacht captain, it is necessary to have a Yacht Captain’s license. The Yacht Captain’s License is a certificate of competence that has international validity. With this licence, all boats which are in the yacht class (with no limitation of voyage zone, length, carrying capacity) can be operated.
Who can be a Yacht Captain?
– the main criterea you must prove is that you are 21 years or older,
– graduated from primary school and have completed a yacht captain training course for 350 hours (4 months) or more.
– you will also need 5 documents for the Certification and Watch-keeping for Seafarers (STCW).
– you are able to provide documentation in relation to radar observation-piloting and medical care.
– provide proof that you have the Certificate for Receiver Operating Characteristics, plus The Short Range Certificate of Competence.
– you have completed an internship on yachts that are longer then 15 meters for 6 months or longer.
– you have succeeded in the Yacht Captain Exam provided by the Undersecretariat of Maritime Affairs, as well as being eligible to get a Yacht Captain Licence.
Yacht Captain Exams
You qualify for a Yacht Captain’s license if you are successful in the exam after completing training for around 4 months in the institutions approved by the Undersecretariat of Maritime Affairs.